- for under: <pursuant to [read under] the court’s decision, the statute is unconstitutional>;
- for as required by: <board meetings are held monthly pursuant to [read as required by] the company’s bylaws>;
- for as authorized by: <pursuant to [read as authorized by] the I.R.C., she may claim the children as dependents>;
- for in carrying out: <pursuant to [read in carrying out] the duties of Vice President, Mr. Biden cast the deciding vote>; and
- for for: <the prisoner is in jail pursuant to [read for] a 2010 robbery conviction>.
LawProse Lesson #105
What does Bryan Garner have against “pursuant to”? ANSWER: It’s pure legalese. Lawyers are the only ones who use it — and never as a term of art. Worse still, it’s imprecise legalese. Because pursuant to can mean many things, it’s confusing and ineffective. Here are some typical examples of how lawyers use the phrase: